Phentermine Abuse

Phentermine AbusePhentermine is the generic name for the brand name drugs Adipex-P, Ionamin, Obenix, Oby-Cap, Teramine and Zantryl. It is a stimulant that is similar to an amphetamine and is used as an appetite suppressant that can affect the central nervous system. When used in combination with diet, exercise and behavioral modification, phentermine is known to treat obesity in people with risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol or diabetes.

Abuses of Phentermine

Over the counter diet pills are known as one of the unhealthiest and most dangerous methods of losing weight. Diet pills are readily and easily accessible to nearly everyone, making them a prime target for abuse. Even those individuals who begin taking the drugs for the right reason can find themselves increasing the dose to achieve a specific feeling or result.

Addiction to diet pills such as phentermine is often the result of its common ingredients, including caffeine, ephedrine and phenylpropranolamine. These very addictive ingredients make phentermine an easy target for tolerance, addiction and then abuse. As such medications continue to be easy to access and deemed harmless, they become an even greater risk.

Effects of Phentermine

Medical professionals still do not know exactly how phentermine works to help people lose weight. It could help by decreasing appetite or increasing the amount of energy used by the body. It may also affect certain parts of the brain. This medication is an appetite suppressant and belongs to a class of drugs called sympathomimetic amines.

Side effects can be common when using phentermine. The more serious effects warrant a discontinuation of the drug and include feeling short of breath; swelling, rapid weight gain; chest pain, fast or uneven heartbeat, feeling like you might pass out; unusual thoughts or behavior, feeling restless or confused; or dangerously high blood pressure.

Withdrawal of Phentermine

The body can develop an intense and unsafe addiction to phentermine very quickly. Someone who finds themselves physiologically and psychologically dependent upon the drug may find it very difficult to function without it. An abrupt discontinuation of the drug can create unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.

Withdrawal symptoms associated with the removal of phentermine from the body can include, but are not limited to:

  • Depression
  • Headaches
  • High blood pressure
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Flatulence
  • Stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Glaucoma
  • Memory loss
  • Heart palpitations
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Strokes
  • Tremors
  • Seizures
  • Nerve damage

Treatment of Phentermine Addiction

A phentermine addiction has the potential to be life-threatening. For those taking the drug for its intoxication effects or its weight loss effects, dependence can occur rapidly, making it difficult to discontinue the drug. Phentermine is truly designed for short-term use only in severely overweight individuals and extending use or increases in dosage as a result of dependence can create significant problems for a person once they seek to discontinue the medication.

As this dependence can be both psychological and physiological, it is recommended that users taper off the medication slowly under the care of a board-certified physician and board-certified addiction psychiatrist. A quality center can administer a comfortable detox regimes for 24/7 care that will ensure the individual rids their body of the drug completely, learning to function without it.

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